Anorexia is a chronic eating psychiatric disorder. Nowadays, it’s common among teenagers girls with an average age of 15 years, 80 – 90 % of the patients of this disorder are females.
It’s the most common cause of starvation on the body for weight loss. It is a life-threatening disorder and a mental health condition that often involves sentimental challenges, overvaluation of body shape and weight and extreme fear of gaining weight.
Genetic, environmental, biological and concern about body weight and shape are the features that play a major role in the occurrence of this disorder.
Following reasons can increasingly hike up the risk for anorexia disorder and these are:
- Continuous criticism about eating habits, body weight and shape.
- Bullying about body shape and weight
- Historical trauma
- Sexual abuse
- Pressure to fit in ridiculous cultural norms.
- Low self-esteem.
Biological and Genetic Factors
- Family history of eating disorder or other mental illness.
- Ancestral history of type 1 diabetes
- Close relative has identical eating disorder.
Symptoms of Anorexia
Persons suffering from this disorder develop extreme tolerance for self-imposed weight loss. It also includes loss of self-confidence about their body shape.
Following are the major signs of this eating disorder
- Over exercise
Person suffering from this disorder performs extreme workout routine in a way to lose weight.
- Food restrictions
- Hair loss
- Dry skin
- Bloated or upset stomach
- Low blood pressure
- Fatigue or exhaustion
- Light-headedness or dizziness
- Low body temperature
- Loss of muscle mass
- Bad breath
- Brittle nails
- Abnormal or irregular heart rhythms
- Irregular menstruation
The Person May Also Establish Certain Behaviours Such As
- Over activity to burn calories – The person performs over activity to burn the calories they intake.
- Limit intake of food or the quantity of food they take.
- Body checking and mirror gazing
- Maintaining social distance from friends and peers.
- Obsessive behaviour
- Denying feeling hungry
- Performing purging activities like self-induced vomiting, slimming medicines, misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
- Assessing body weight
- Showing signs of depression.
- Following some weird food rituals
The person develops low self-esteem easily get influenced by criticism about body shape and weight, and start doing excessive training to lose weight. Stops following healthy balanced diet and limit their food intake.
Diagnosis can be done based on some familiar sign of eating disorders such as malabsorption, hormonal changes and cancer.
According to the statement of the National Eating Disorder Association following criteria would help in the diagnosis of anorexia disorder:
- Body image is distorted in the form of specific psychopathology.
- Intense fear of gaining body weight.
- Restriction of energy intake and unhealthy low body weight according to a person’s age, sex, and height.
It includes cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps the patient in finding a new way of thinking, and managing stress.
- Consistent support of family and friends to overcome depression
- Supplements to resolve nutritional deficiencies
- Medication to treat depression
Conclusion and Social–Message
Body shaming is an act of destroying someone’s confidence in themselves and it is a crime. Bullying someone about their body weight and shape is so absurd.
We should encourage this kind of eating disorder patient to lead a happy and healthy life.